RUSCOE, Herbert Lyttelton
(Service number 25948)

First Rank Rifleman Last Rank


Date 24 February 1875 Place of Birth At sea

Enlistment Information

Date 20 May 1916 Age 41 years
Address at Enlistment Foxton
Occupation Railway employee
Previous Military Experience
Marital Status Married. Eight children.
Next of Kin Mrs Isabella RUSCOE (wife), 12 Martin Street, Wellington
Religion Church of England
Medical Information Height 5 feet 9½ inches. Weight 140 lbs. Chest measurement 34-37½ inches. Complexion dark. Eyes hazel. Hair black. Sight, hearing & colour vision all normal. Limbs well formed. Full & perfect movement of all joints. Chest well formed. Heart & lungs normal. No illnesses. Free from hernia, varicocele, varicose veins, haemorrhoids, inveterate or contagious skin disease. Vaccinated. Good bodily & mental health. No slight defects. No fits. Mark of burn front of left shoulder. Never absent from work owing to illness. Fit.

Military Service

Served with NZ Armed Forces Served in Army
Military District

Embarkation Information

Body on Embarkation New Sealand Rifle Brigade
Unit, Squadron, or Ship 11th Reinforcements, 1st Battalion, E Company
Date 25 September 1916
Transport Devon
Embarked From Destination Devonport, Devon, England
Other Units Served With
Last Unit Served With

Military Awards

Service Medals British War Medal; Victory Medal
Military Awards

Award Circumstances and Date

No information

Prisoner of War Information

Date of Capture
Where Captured and by Whom
Actions Prior to Capture
PoW Serial Number
PoW Camps
Days Interned
Liberation Date


Date 25 December 1917 Reason No longer physically fit for War Service on Account of Wounds received in Action.

Hospitals, Wounds, Diseases and Illnesses

Gunshot wound to neck

Post-war Occupations



Date 2 July 1934 Age 59 years
Place of Death Wellington
Memorial or Cemetery Karori Cemetery, Wellington
Memorial Reference Area 10, Block B, Row 10, Plot 021
New Zealand Memorials

Biographical Notes

Herbert Lyttelton Ruscoe was born on 24 February 1875 at sea, the eldest son of Henry and Elizabeth Ruscoe. Five siblings were born after the family reached New Zealand. The family seems to have moved about as Herbert was educated at several different schools - Timaru, Leeston, Albury, Fairlie, Temuka. He married Isabella Sweeney on 12 December 1896 at Napier. Herbert and Isabella had eight children born in the following 14 years - Mabel born on 15 April 1898 at Napier, Nellie Ettie born on 16 July 1899 at Napier, Hugh born on 15 July 1900 at Napier, Isabella born on 29 February 1904 at Wellington, Margaret born on 13 August 1905 at Wellington, Bett born on 3 June 1908, Henry born on 8 November 1911, and Alfred born on 22 January 1912 at Wellington. Their greatest grief must have come in 1917 when their eldest son, Hugh Grenville Ruscoe, was killed in action. Young Hugh was only 17 years old, having put up his age when he enlisted. Alfred Cooper (Alfie) Ruscoe, a brother of Herbert, was killed in action in the second battle of Ypres. he had gone to England and joined the 1st Life Guards, Household Cavalry. And his youngest brother, Frederick Walter Ruscoe, also served in World War One.


Auckland War Memorial Museum Cenotaph Database [23 January 2017]; NZ Defence Force Personnel Records (Archives NZ ref. AABK 18805 W5550 01000693) [03 February 2017]; NZ BDM Indexes (Department of Internal Affairs) [19 March 2015, 23 January 2017]; Karori Cemetery headstone transcription [19 March 2015]

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