Profile

MARTIN, Andrew
(Service number 7/90)

Aliases
First Rank Trooper Last Rank Second Lieutenant

Birth

Date 14 August 1892 Place of Birth Otaio

Enlistment Information

Date Age
Address at Enlistment Otaio
Occupation
Previous Military Experience
Marital Status Single
Next of Kin Andrew Martin snr (father), Otaio
Religion Presbyterian
Medical Information

Military Service

Served with NZ Armed Forces Served in Army
Military District

Embarkation Information

Body on Embarkation Main Body
Unit, Squadron, or Ship Canterbury Mounted Rifles
Date 16 October 1914
Transport HMNZT 4 Tahiti or HMNZT 11 Athenic
Embarked From Wellington, New Zealand Destination
Other Units Served With
Last Unit Served With Canterbury Mounted Rifles

Military Awards

Campaigns Egyptian 1914-1916, Balkan (Gallipoli, Mudros) 1915, Egyptian Expeditionary Force 1916-1917
Service Medals 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal; Gallipoli lapel badge & medallion 1967
Military Awards

Award Circumstances and Date

Sergeant (Temp. Squadron Sergeant-Major) Andrew Martin was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM): "For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty on two ocassions. During an advance he showed great skill and daring in advance of his squadron, meeting two of the enemy and killing them single-handed. Later his coolness and gallantry were particularly noticeable while directing his men in digging in under heavy hostile shell fire." (London Gazette, 2 October 1917, p10869) Sergeant (Temp. Squadron Sergeant-Major) Andrew Martin was Mentioned in Dispatches (MiD): "For gallant and distinguished conduct in the field or for other valuable services. General AJ Murray's despatch dated 28th June 1917" (London Gazette, 12 January 1918, p804

Prisoner of War Information

Date of Capture
Where Captured and by Whom
Actions Prior to Capture
PoW Serial Number
PoW Camps
Days Interned
Liberation Date

Discharge

Date 4 January 1919 Reason

Hospitals, Wounds, Diseases and Illnesses

Post-war Occupations

Death

Date 23 November 1982 Age
Place of Death Waimate
Cause
Notices
Memorial or Cemetery
Memorial Reference
New Zealand Memorials

Biographical Notes

Andrew Martin was born 14 August 1892 and attended Otaio School before joining his father on the family farm, “The Grange” in Grange Road, Otaio.

As part of the pre-war compulsory military training Andrew was a territorial soldier with the 8th South Canterbury Mounted Rifles from his 18th birthday. Although Andrew’s training finished in June 1914, he was quick to volunteer for overseas service shortly after the outbreak of the Great War on August 13th, and he left New Zealand for Egypt on 16 October 1914. He landed on Gallipoli in the first week of May 1915, and fought in the campaign until August when he was wounded in the ‘big push for Hill 971’. He was still able to walk and after a time of convalescence in England he returned to Egypt and the Mounted Rifles – just in time to help in the evacuation.

On 21st November 1917, during the Palestine campaign, Andrew was shot by a Turk. The bullet entered his left thigh, and lodged near the bottom of his spine. He was paralysed, and lay out in the open for two nights. When he was found, he was carried on the back of a camel to the rail head at Jaffa and then to hospital in Cairo. Army medics would not remove the bullet for fear of damage to the nervous system and that he may never walk again.

Andrew received a Mentioned-in-Dispatches award and on 21 November 1917 received the Distinguished Conduct Medal for “Conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty on two occasions. During an advance, he showed great skill and daring in advance of his squadron, meeting two of the enemy and killing them single-handed. Later his coolness and gallantry were particularly noticeable while directing his men in digging-in under heavy hostile shell fire.”

In early 1918 Andrew was commissioned to the rank of Second Lieutenant. He had learned to walk again and was sent back to New Zealand on furlough. He was posted to Featherston in charge of the 44th Mounted Reinforcements, but the war ended just before he embarked for overseas again.

After the war Andrew purchased a 265 acre mixed unit farm at Morven, which he called “Rosedale”. He farmed there for over 50 years until he sold it in 1973. For 60 years the bullet lodged near Andrew’s lower spine caused him a lot of pain and discomfort. Then, when Andrew was in his late 80s he convinced doctors to remove the bullet – ‘even at the risk’. The operation was successful. The .303 nickel-plated bullet which left a Turkish rifle almost 100 years ago was retrieved and is now held by the Waimate Museum & Archives.

Andrew was active in the Waimate community, being awarded a life membership of the Waimate A and P Association and was involved with local branches of the Young Farmers Club and Federated Farmers. He was also an instructor for the Waimate Kilties senior marching team for 12 years.

Sources

Auckland War Memorial Museum Cenotaph Database (9 September 2015); Archives New Zealand, military personnel file; Martin Collection, Waimate Museum & Archives, NZ Museums at http://www.nzmuseums.co.nz/account/3188/object/543838/Martin_Collection_Ammunition_-_303_bullet_fragment (9 September 2015); Wayne McDonald "Honours and awards to the New Zealand Expeditionary Force in the Great War 1914-1918" (3rd Edition, Richard Stowers, 2013)

External Links

Related Documents

No documents available.

Researched and Written by

Tony Rippin (South Canterbury Museum); Sue Hanham, Waimate Museum & Archives

Currently Assigned to

Not assigned.

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