Profile

FINLAYSON, John
(Service number 7/2087)

Aliases Johnny
First Rank Trooper Last Rank Sergeant

Birth

Date 20 March 1889 Place of Birth Redcliffs, Waiho Downs, New Zealand

Enlistment Information

Date 13 October 1915 Age 26
Address at Enlistment Redcliffs Glenavy, New Zealand
Occupation Farming engine driver
Previous Military Experience 8th South Canterbury Mounted Rifles
Marital Status Single
Next of Kin Mrs Jessie M. Finlayson (mother), Redcliffs, Waimate, New Zealand
Religion Presbyterian
Medical Information 5 foot 7 inches tall, chest 33-36 1/2 inches, blue eyes, dark complexion, black hair, weight 10 stone 4 pounds (66 kgs), teeth being put into satisfactory order

Military Service

Served with NZ Armed Forces Served in Army
Military District

Embarkation Information

Body on Embarkation 9th Reinforcements
Unit, Squadron, or Ship Canterbury Mounted Rifles, C Squadron
Date 8 January 1916
Transport HMNZT 37 Maunganui
Embarked From Wellington, New Zealand Destination Suez, Egypt
Other Units Served With 2nd Battalion Cantrbury Infantry Regiment 2nd Company, 1st Battalion Canterbury Infantry Regiment
Last Unit Served With 2nd Company, 1st Battalion Canterbury Infantry Regiment

Military Awards

Campaigns Egypt & Western European
Service Medals British War Medal & Victory Medal
Military Awards

Award Circumstances and Date

No information

Prisoner of War Information

Date of Capture
Where Captured and by Whom
Actions Prior to Capture
PoW Serial Number
PoW Camps
Days Interned
Liberation Date

Discharge

Date 21 May 1919 Reason Discharged on the termination of his period of engagement

Hospitals, Wounds, Diseases and Illnesses

21 Mar-2 Apr 1916 - admitted sick to Australian Casualty Clearing Station (CCS) at Ferry Post. 10 May 1916 - admitted sick 2 Australian Stationary Hospital, Tel el Kebir; transferred 18 May to NZ General Hospital, Cairo; transferred 1 Jun-26 Jun to Aotea Convalescent Home, Heliopolis. 11-25 Mar 1917 - admitted sick to 3 NZ Field Ambulance, France. 21 Jul 1917 - wounded in action (mildly gassed); admitted to 3 NZ Field Ambulance; transferred 1 Aug to 2 Australian CCS; transferred 3 Aug to No.22 General Hospital, Camiers; transferred 8 Aug-13 Sep to No.51 General Hospital, Etaples. 8 Dec 1917 - admitted sick to 4 NZ Field Ambulance; transferred 26 Dec-3 Feb 1918 to 63 CCS. 8-11 Jul 1918 - admitted sick to hospital

Post-war Occupations

Farm labourer

Death

Date 16 December 1974 Age 85 years
Place of Death Waimate, New Zealand
Cause
Notices Dept of Internal Affairs 15 January 1975
Memorial or Cemetery Waimate Lawn Cemetery
Memorial Reference Plot 0016PB001502
New Zealand Memorials

Biographical Notes

John was the second son of Roderick (1847-1910) and Jessie Margaret (1865-1959 nee Cameron) Finlayson. He was born at Redcliffs, Waiho Downs, near Waimate on March 20, 1889. John was educated at the Redcliffs School and had passed the fourth standard of education. On leaving school he mainly worked on his family’s farm in Middle Road, Ikawai, and other local farms.

At the time of his enlistment on October 13, 1915, John was employed locally as a farming engine driver and gave his current address as Redcliffs, Glenavy. Being single he nominated his mother Mrs Jessie Finlayson of Redcliffs, Waimate, as his next of kin and was described as being aged 26, Presbyterian, 5 foot 7 inches tall, chest measuring 33-36 ½ inches, having blue eyes, a dark complexion, black hair, weighing 10 stone 4 pounds (66 kgs) and having his teeth being put into satisfactory order. John had some previous military experience with the 8th South Canterbury Mounted Rifles and was posted to the Canterbury Mounted Rifles, C Squadron. At Featherston Camp he received seven weeks basic infantry training and another four weeks training with horses before he embarked at Wellington with the 9th Reinforcements on January 8, 1916, aboard HMNZT37 Maunganui. The Maunganui travelled in convoy with HMZNT 38 Tahiti and HMNZT 39 Warrimoo carrying a total of 2406 troops, arriving in Egypt on February 8, 1916.

On March 11 at Moascar, John was transferred to the newly formed 2nd Battalion Canterbury Infantry Regiment which had been allotted a part of the Canal defences. On March 21 he was admitted sick to the Australian Casualty Clearance Station at Ferry Post, re-joining his unit at Moascar on April 2. Training continued until he was again admitted sick to the 2nd Australian Stationary Hospital at Tel el Kebir on May 10, transferred to the NZ General Hospital at Cairo on May 18, then to the Aotea Convalescent Home at Heliopolis on June 1, before discharge back to duty on June 26.

On July 10, 1916, John embarked from Alexandria for Marseilles, France, and on July 20 was attached to the strength of the training battalion at Etaples. Here would have received a short period of intense trench warfare training before joining the 2nd Company of the 1st Battalion Canterbury Infantry Regiment on July 28 in the field at Armentieres. This was a so called quiet area to get the troops used to trench warfare. On September 15, 1916, they joined the Somme Campaign where they attacked the village of Flers, the first day that tanks were used in battle. During this period they fought 23 days without a break and advanced about two miles, before leaving the area in October back to the Armentieres zone. Here they did front line duties and made preparations for the battle for Messines (June 1917), but from March 11 to 25, 1917, John was admitted sick to 3 NZ Field Ambulance.

In July his unit was in the vicinity of Ploegstreert, eight miles south of Ypres (which was known to those who served there as Plugstreet). On July 21, 1917, he was wounded in action (mildly gassed) and admitted to 3 NZ Field Ambulance, transferred to No 2 Australian Casualty Clearance Station on August 1, admitted to No 22 General Hospital, Camiers, on August 3, and finally to No.51 General Hospital at Etaples on August 8. On September 13 he was attached to the Depot strength at Etaples before going on leave to England from October 15 to 31. On his return to France he re-joined his unit in the field, but was again admitted sick to 4 NZ Field Ambulance on 8 December 1917. Transferred to 63 Casualty Clearance Station on December 26, he once again re-joined his battalion on February 3, 1918.

Between March and July 1918 the NZ Division was based in the Upper Ancre valley between Hebuterne/Puisieux-au-Mont and Englebeimer. From July 8 to 11 he had another short spell sick in hospital and on October 23, was promoted to Lance Corporal. Further promotion to Corporal followed a few days later on October 29. The battalion had had a busy time right up to the end of the fighting and were dead tired. The last battle they were involved in was the Battle of Sambre (November 1–11) when, on November 4, the NZ Rifle Brigade scaled the town ramparts at Le Quesnoy. On November 28, 1918, the long march began into Germany where, on December 20, 1918, the NZ Division began occupation duties in Cologne.

Finally, on December 26, he was promoted to Sergeant before being detached back to England to duty at Sling Camp on January 6, 1919. On March 6 he moved back to Codford before boarding SS Corinthic on March 12at Tilbury Docks, London, headed for home, arriving in Lyttelton on April 22, 1919. John had served a total of 3 years and 221 days and was finally discharged from the army on May 21, 1919, having reached the end of his engagement. He was later awarded the British War Medal and Victory Medal for his wartime service.

On his return to New Zealand, he returned to his home town of Waimate where he worked as a labourer in the Glenavy area. Before he retired to his family home at 23 Leonard St, Waimate, John had farmed at Ikawai. In his old age though John become quite house-bound, relying on his walking stick for what little mobility he had left. While living in Leonard Street, John was regularly visited by RSA representatives, including local World War Two veteran Eric Batchelor.

John died at Waimate aged 85 years on December 16, 1974, and is buried in the Waimate Lawn Cemetery. A fellow soldier, Mr W White, recounted at John's funeral how he (John) had shot down a German spotter plane with a Lewis gun during 1918 when the were "pushing the Huns back". This was the only such incident of an aircraft being brought down by ground fire that Mr White was aware of.

John’s brother 47321 Private Kenneth Finlayson was also called up for service and entered camp on February 20, 1917, but was medically unfit and released from service on May 30, 1917.

Sources

Auckland War Memorial Museum Cenotaph Database [January 2018]; New Zealand ANZACs in the Great War 1914-1918 (University of New South Wales) at http://nzef.adfa.edu.au/showPerson?pid=81097; "Waimate Enlisters" in the Waimate Advertiser 5 October 1915 p3,courtesy of Papers Past at https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/; Waimate District Council cemetery records at http://gis.waimatedc.govt.nz/GIS/wab/?config=cemetery.json#; SCRoll subnmissions by T Fraser, 8 & 20 December 2017; SCRoll web submission by B Bryce, 10 August 2018

External Links

Related Documents

Researched and Written by

Tony Rippin (South Canterbury Museum), Ted Hansen, SC branch NZSG

Currently Assigned to

Not assigned.

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 Logo. Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License unless otherwise stated.

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