Profile

SIDLAUSKY, Alexander
(Service number 5/1637)

Aliases Born Christian August Alexander SCHIDLOWKSY. Surname also spelt SIDLAUSKI, SIDLANSKY. Known as Alex.
First Rank Private Last Rank Corporal

Birth

Date 16 July 1870 Place of Birth Libau, Latvia, Russia

Enlistment Information

Date 29 December 1914 Age 40 years 5 months
Address at Enlistment Timaru
Occupation Dredge hand
Previous Military Experience
Marital Status Single
Next of Kin Mrs M. MILLS (friend), Wharf Hotel, Dunedin
Religion Protestant
Medical Information Height 5 feet 9 inches. Weight 13 stone 2 lbs. Chest measurement 40-44 inches. Complexion fair. Eyes blue. Hair grey. Sight, hearing & colour vision all normal. Limbs well formed. Full & perfect movement of all joints. Chest well formed. Heart &lungs normal. Teeth good. Free from hernia, varicocele, varicose veins, haemorrhoids, inveterate or contagious skin disease. Vaccinated. Good bodily & mental health. No slight defects.

Military Service

Served with NZ Armed Forces Served in Army
Military District

Embarkation Information

Body on Embarkation 3rd Reinforcements
Unit, Squadron, or Ship Otago Infantry Battalion
Date 14 February 1915
Transport Maunganui or Tahiti or Aparima
Embarked From Wellington Destination Suez, Egypt
Other Units Served With
Last Unit Served With Army Service Corps

Military Awards

Campaigns Egyptian; Egyptian Expeditionary Force; Western European
Service Medals 1914-1915 Star; British War medal; Victory Medal
Military Awards

Award Circumstances and Date

No information

Prisoner of War Information

Date of Capture
Where Captured and by Whom
Actions Prior to Capture
PoW Serial Number
PoW Camps
Days Interned
Liberation Date

Discharge

Date 9 February 1919 Reason No longer physically fit for war service (overage & bronchitis).

Hospitals, Wounds, Diseases and Illnesses

Post-war Occupations

Nightwatchman

Death

Date 24 July 1934 Age 63 years
Place of Death Timaru Public Hospital, Timaru
Cause
Notices Timaru Herald, 26 July 1934
Memorial or Cemetery Timaru Cemetery
Memorial Reference Services Section, Row 103, Plot 13
New Zealand Memorials

Biographical Notes

Christian August Alexander Sidlausky, known as Alex, recorded when he enlisted that he was born on 16 July 1875 , in Libau, Latvia, then part of Russia. A seaman, he had come to New Zealand by early 1897. Family records are sketchy, but their genealogical research in Latvian State Archives (Riga) uncovered that he was in fact was born on 16 July 1870 in Libau (now Liepaja, Latvia). He was baptized at home on 13 August the same year and was confirmed in the Lutheran church on 9 November 1885. He was the son of Captain Michael Sidlausky (Schidlowsky) and his wife Anna Katharina, née Schnicker.

Here Alex plied the waters between Wellington or Dunedin and Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, working on the Wakatipu, Tarawera, Waikare, Mokoia, Rakanoa, and maybe other vessels, from 1897 to 1907. Alex became a naturalised New Zealander on 21 August 1899 while residing in Dunedin. When war broke out he was living in Timaru and working as a dredge hand for the Timaru Harbour Board. Having enlisted on 29 December 1914, he embarked on 14 February 1915.

After the war Alex returned to Timaru where he died on 24 July 1934 at the Public Hospital. On enlisting he had stated that he had made a will and left it in the custody of Father Murphy, Roman Catholic Priest at Timaru. No will, however, was located and the Public Trustee administered his estate. It was noted that Alex had corresponded with Miss Esther Kelly of Latter Street, Timaru, during the war. Esther Jane Kelly married in 1919 and remained in Timaru. Maybe she was able to help in finding family, there being none named on enlistment. Two years after Alex's death, the Public Trustee located next-of-kin - a brother, Mr Edward Sidlauskis (or Schidlowsky), living in Latvia, and a sister, Mrs Alma Katharina Mersliakoff, living in Liski, Soviet Russia. It was resolved to forward Alex's war medals to his brother. At his death he had, in New Zealand, £187.17.11 consisting of cash and contributions to the National Provident Fund.

Curiously, family research has discovered that Latvian Archive records show Alex and his wife Alexandra Levenberg, had both been issued Latvian passports in Libau in 1929. It seems Alex had returned and had been living in Latvia in 1927, wher he married Alexandra Levenberg(born 14 July 1881 in Mitau - now Jelgava, Latvia). Why he returned to Latvia is a matter of conjecture, but perhaps Alex had returned to Latvia because, after two years of struggle in the Latvian War of Independence, Latvia finally won sovereign independence, as recognized by Soviet Russia in 1920 and by the international community in 1921. There are no recorded children of the marriage and again it is possible that "Levenberg" could be a Jewish name, iand that might be why the family's genealogical enquiries have not found a record of their marriage in the German-Lutheran church. Although there was no real persecution of Jews in Latvia at that time, Alex may have wanted to help a friend (Alexandra) to emigrate somewhere by arranging his temporary return to Latvia, for what may have been a marriage of convenience.

Sources

Auckland War Memorial Museum Cenotaph Database [02 December 2016]; NZ Defence Force Personnel Records (Archives ref. AABK 18805 W5553 0104516) [02 December 2016]; Timaru Herald, 26 July 1934 (Timaru District Library) [02 December 2016]; Timaru Cemetery headstone image (Timaru District Council) [02 December 2016]; Probate record (rchives NZ/FamilySearch) [02 December 2016]; Evening Star, 29 August 1899, Oamaru Mail, 14 December 1914, North Otago Times, 15 December 1914, Otago Daily Times, 7 January 1919 (Papers Past) [02 December 2016]; NZ Electoral Rolls (ancestry.com.au) [02 December 2016]; SCroll web submission by P Schidlowksy, 8-15 November 2017

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TS

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