CASWELL, Francis
(Service number 11/2055)

Aliases Frank
First Rank Trooper Last Rank Gunner


Date 22 October 1886 Place of Birth Timaru, New Zealand

Enlistment Information

Date 19 October 1915 Age 28
Address at Enlistment Stortford Lodge, Hastings, New Zealand
Occupation Stockman
Previous Military Experience
Marital Status Single
Next of Kin Mr Mark Caswell (father) , Albury, South Canterbury, New Zealand
Religion Church of England
Medical Information 5 foot 7 inches tall, weight 11 stone 4 lbs, fair complexion, chest 35 - 38 1/2 inches, brown hair, blue eyes, fair teeth

Military Service

Served with NZ Armed Forces Served in Army
Military District

Embarkation Information

Body on Embarkation 9th Reinforcements
Unit, Squadron, or Ship Wellington Mounted Rifles, B Squadron
Date 14 January 1916
Transport Dalmore (horse transport)
Embarked From Wellington, New Zealand Destination Suez, Egypt
Other Units Served With 8 Battery NZ Field Artillery, HQ 3rd Brigade NZ Field Artillery
Last Unit Served With HQ 3rd Brigade NZ Field Artillery

Military Awards

Campaigns Egyptian & Western Europe
Service Medals British War Medal, Victory Medal
Military Awards

Award Circumstances and Date

No information

Prisoner of War Information

Date of Capture
Where Captured and by Whom
Actions Prior to Capture
PoW Serial Number
PoW Camps
Days Interned
Liberation Date


Date Reason

Hospitals, Wounds, Diseases and Illnesses

Post-war Occupations


Date 16 October 1976 Age 89 years
Place of Death Timaru, New Zealand
Notices Internal Affairs 15 November 1976
Memorial or Cemetery Timaru Cemetery
Memorial Reference General Section, Row 50, Plot 127A
New Zealand Memorials

Biographical Notes

Francis (Frank) Caswell was the son of Mark and Ellen Caswell. He attended St Andrews, Springbrook, Albury and Fairlie schools. Francis, also known as Frank, was born at Timaru on 22 October 1886 (even though he gave his birth date as 17 October 1887 on enlistment). He was one of 17 children of Mark (1845-1933) and Ellen (1854-1938 nee Fletcher) Caswell. His parents farmed at Holme Farm Albury, and prior to that, had farmed in the Springbrook district south of Timaru. He was educated at the Timaru South, St Andrews, Springbank and Fairlie schools and was a keen rugby player in his younger days.

Francis was aged 28 when he enlisted on 19 October 1915, and working as a stockman for Mr Smith in Hawke’s Bay. He gave his last address as Stortford Lodge Hastings, and nominated his father Mark, of Albury South Canterbury, as his next of kin. He was described as being 5 foot 7 inches tall, weighing 11 stone 4 pounds, single, Anglican, of fair complexion, with brown hair, blue eyes, a chest measuring 35-38 ½ inches and having fair teeth. Posted to the Wellington Mounted Rifles, he left Wellington on 14 January 1916 with the 9th Reinforcements aboard the SS Dalmore, a horse transporter, bound for Suez Egypt, arriving at Alexandria on 26 February 1916.

Three days after arriving in Egypt Francis was transferred to Number 8 Battery NZ Field Artillery, and left with them for France early April 1916. His unit was to be involved in all the major battles on the Western Front. Some relief came in 1917 when, from 14 to 27 February, he was granted leave in the UK. Leave was again granted from 29 January to 13 February 1918. Following this later leave, he was detached to the Artillery School on 24 February, followed by a transfer to the 3rd Brigade NZ Field Artillery on 22 March where he was posted to Brigade Headquarters. He was again on leave in UK from 12 to 29 January 1919, where he was to remain at the Artillery School until boarding the SS Briton at Tilbury on 24 July, for his return to NZ. During this time he married Miss Mary Jane MacPherson (1889-1961), youngest daughter of Charles MacPherson of Crathie, Laggan, at St Anne’s Church at Corstorphine on 26 March 1919. The marriage ceremony was performed by the Reverend J. Robertson BA. After having completed a total of 3 years and 307 days service, Francis was discharged in New Zealand on 21 August 1919, and was later awarded the British War Medal and Victory Medal.

Francis was employed as a farm labourer for the rest of his working life. 1919 Found him back in Albury working for Mr F.H. Smith. Mary would have come out later as a war bride and by 1928, they were both at Camp Valley, Albury. By 1935 they were residing in Fairlie where Francis retired in 1963. On 16 October 1976, Francis died at Timaru and was buried with his wife Mary (who had died on 14 April 1961) in the Timaru Cemetery.

Five of Francis’s brothers also enlisted in the war. Private William Caswell (no. 17/382), NZ Veterinary Corps, was killed in action on 23 June 1917 and is listed on the Messines Ridge (New Zealand) Memorial, Messines Ridge British Cemetery, Belgium. Private George Caswell (no.6/4008), Canterbury Infantry Regiment, was killed in action 21 September 1916 and is buried in the Caterpillar Valley Cemetery, Longueval, France. Driver Alfred John Caswell (no. 50580) served with the NZ Army Service Corps. Trooper Henry Caswell (no. 7/29) served with the Canterbury Mounted Rifles, and Trooper James Walter Caswell (no. 17/380) also served with the NZ Veterinary Corps.


Auckland War Memorial Museum Cenotaph Database [18 August 2016]. Timaru District Council cemetery records at[19 August 2016]; NZ BDM Historical Records at [19 August 2016]; New Zealand ANZACs in the Great War 1914-1918 (University of New South Wales) at; Assorted records at [September 2016] including Thyne, Morris, Sharp, Edith Warein, and Blaney/Bruce/Bugg family trees; "Letters from the front" at; "Marriage" in Timaru Herald 9 June 1919, courtesy of Papers Past at; SCRoll web submission by J Caswell, 7 March 2018; SCRoll web submission by J Westbrooke, 27 October 2019; BDM Historical recortds at

External Links

Related Documents

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Researched and Written by

Ted Hansen, SC branch NZSG

Currently Assigned to

Not assigned.

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