Profile

PIPER, Rowland Francis
(Service number 2/2510)

Aliases
First Rank Gunner Last Rank Temporary Sergeant

Birth

Date 2 August 1892 Place of Birth Halstead, Essex, England

Enlistment Information

Date 25 August 1915 Age 23
Address at Enlistment Care of R. J. McKeowan, Tycho Flat, New Zealand
Occupation Farm Hand
Previous Military Experience 8th South Canterbury Mounted Rifles
Marital Status Single
Next of Kin Frank Piper (father) Orari School, South Cantrbury, New Zealand
Religion Anglican
Medical Information 5 foot 8 1/2 inches tall, weight 133 pounds 60kgs), chest 32-36 inches, fair complexion, grey eyes, lt brown hair, good teeth

Military Service

Served with NZ Armed Forces Served in Army
Military District

Embarkation Information

Body on Embarkation 8th Reinforcements
Unit, Squadron, or Ship NZ Field Artillery
Date 13 November 1915
Transport HMNZT 35 "Willochra"
Embarked From Wellington, New Zealand Destination Suez, Egypt
Other Units Served With 13th Battery NZ Field Artillery
Last Unit Served With 13th Battery NZ Field Artillery

Military Awards

Campaigns Egypt & Western Europe
Service Medals 1914-1915 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
Military Awards

Award Circumstances and Date

No information

Prisoner of War Information

Date of Capture
Where Captured and by Whom
Actions Prior to Capture
PoW Serial Number
PoW Camps
Days Interned
Liberation Date

Discharge

Date Reason

Hospitals, Wounds, Diseases and Illnesses

Post-war Occupations

Death

Date 8 December 1917 Age 25 years
Place of Death Ypres, Belgium
Cause Killed in Action
Notices
Memorial or Cemetery Divisional Cemetery, Belgium
Memorial Reference Row M, Grave 15
New Zealand Memorials Timaru Cenotaph Memorial wall, Geraldine Church Memorial; Geraldine War Memorial; Orari War Memorial; Taiko War Memorial, Memorial Window St Stephen's Church Fairlie

Biographical Notes

Rowland was born at Halstead, Essex, England, on 2 August 1892, the only son of Frank (1865-1944) and Emmeline (1866-1938, nee Orwin) Piper. Rowland was educated at the English College at Lisbon, Portugal, where his father was a schoolmaster who ran a private boarding & day school from 1896–1910. In 1910 the family came out to New Zealand where Rowland’s father obtained his teaching registration, and began teaching as headmaster at Orari. By 1919 he was headmaster at Fairlie, and later took up the same position at Geraldine.

Shortly after arrival, Rowland himself became a farming cadet with Mr R.J. McKeown of Tycho, and later worked as a farm hand for Mr W.O. Morrison. He was still there when he enlisted at Timaru on 25 August 1915, giving his address as care of R.J. McKeown, Tycho Flat. Before his enlistment he had been serving with the 8th South Canterbury Mounted Rifles, rising to the rank of Corporal. On Friday 6 August, at a large enthusiast gathering at the Tycho School, Rowland and Tom Barbour (another local lad) were each presented with a wristlet watch. His parents along with his sister Marguerite, Uncle Mr R. Orwin and Cousin Frank Orwin, were also present at this gathering. His father Frank, Schoolmaster Orari, was nominated as his next of kin, and he was described as being aged 23 years, single, Anglican, 5 foot 8 ½ inches tall, weighing 133 pounds (60kgs), with a chest measuring 32-36 inches, fair complexion, grey eyes, with light brown hair and good teeth.

Rowland left Timaru on 25 August on a special train with the rest of the local members of the 8th Reinforcements, joining others from Southland and Otago and later picking up the Ashburton men on their way to the inter-island ferry. Initially Trentham Camp was where basic soldier training in drill, musketry etc was undertaken, followed by later camps at Awapuni (Palmerston North), Tauherenikau, and other local areas where Rowland received specialised artillery instruction as he had been assigned to the Field Artillery. After training was finished the men were issued with their full uniform and granted a short period of embarkation leave. Finally, after the usual march through the streets of Wellington, on 13 November 1915, the men of the 8th Reinforcements of the NZ Field Artillery (NZFA), and the 2nd Reinforcements of the NZ Rifle Brigade (NZRB) boarded HMNZT 35 “Willochra” where they left for Suez, Egypt, in convoy with HMZNT 36 “Tofua” - a combined total of 2,585 troops. The ships had a stop at Hobart and Albany, where they had a route march through the local area to stretch their legs, before continuing onwards to Colombo for refuelling, arriving at Suez on 18 December 1915.

Rowland’s unit then travelled by train to Moascar, which was merely a railway siding a mile from Ismailia on the banks of the Suez Canal. Advance parties were proceeding with the establishment of a big camp where the Division was to be once more concentrated under canvas. With the arrival of the Infantry Brigades, the artillerymen with their horses and guns, other divisional troops, and the supply and transport services, the camp took on an air of bustle and animation. The men gradually settled down into the routine of further training. On 18 March 1916, Gunner Piper was posted to the NZFA 13th Battery, and then promoted to Bombardier on 28 March. On 7 April he embarked from Alexandria for Marseilles, France. As units came ashore they were packed into long troop trains, setting off on their journey northwards through the heart of southern France to a Divisional Area where training camps were established. Sent to the Flanders region to gain experience of new trench conditions, they spent the next three months guarding a ‘quiet’ sector of the line at Armentieres, before moving south to the Somme battlefields, where they were to have their first large-scale action on the Western Front. From there the unit was heavily involved in the actions at Messines and the third battle of Ypres. Further promotion followed up to Temporary Sergeant came for Rowland on 12 November 1917. Throughout December the enemy artillery was continually active - only a few days after his promotion Rowland was killed in action on 8 December 1917 at Ypres when a shell came through the roof of a dugout, killing four of the five men within it and dangerously wounding the fifth man.

The Timaru Herald, dated 7 January 1918, reported:

“Quite a gloom was cast over the Tycho district when it became known that Corporal Rowland F. Piper, son of Mr Piper of Fairlie, had been killed in action. The deceased was an unusually popular young man and was most highly esteemed by all who knew him. He took a keen interest in everything for the welfare of the district, and it was his intention to take a farm on his own account as soon as he was able. Seven years ago he started as a cadet on Mr R.J. McKeown’s “Kinnoult” estate, and afterwards went to a neighbouring farm belonging to Mr W.A. Morrison. Both of his employers speak of him as an exemplary young fellow in every respect. He was a member of the Tycho Flat Bible Class, and took a deep interest in all manly sports. He left New Zealand with the 8th Reinforcements as a gunner, and at the time of his death was Corporal, being next in line for promotion. Possessed of a bright intellect, a kindly nature, and a capacity for doing things thoroughly, he had a very promising future, and in his death his parents will have the sympathy of every resident in the Tycho district, as well as of everyone else who knew him.”

A further report appeared in the Timaru Herald, dated 27 February 1918, continued in a similar vein, noting that he had been recently promoted to temporary sergeant, how popular he was with his men, and that the major of his battery had recommended him for a commission. The day after his death, the four killed were buried by the Church of England padre, and they lay beside each other in the Divisional Cemetery in Belgium.

Rowland’s name is commemorated locally in a memorial window at St Stephen’s Church Fairlie, on the Taiko War Memorial, and the Timaru Cenotaph Memorial Wall. After the war his parents received Rowland’s three war medals, the 1914-1915 Star, British War Medal and Victory Medal, along with a scroll and plaque to recognise his service and sacrifice.

Sources

Auckland War Memorial Museum Cenotaph Database [March 2019]; New Zealand ANZACs in the Great War 1914-1918 (University of New South Wales) at http://nzef.adfa.edu.au/showPerson?pid=205654; New Zealand War Graves Project at https://www.nzwargraves.org.nz/casualties/rowland-francis-piper; "Soldiers from Tycho. A farewell gathering" in the Timaru Herald 11 August 1915, "The Eight. List of the big draft" in the Dominion 28 August 1915, "Roll of Honour" in the Timaru Herald 4 Jan 1918 and Timaru Herald 27 February 1918, "Personal items" in the Timaru Herald 7 January 1918, and "Fairlie Notes"Timaru Herald 14 July 1920

External Links

Related Documents

Researched and Written by

Ted Hansen, SC branch NZSG

Currently Assigned to

Not assigned.

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