ROBINSON, Clifford Kossuth
(Service number 7/1280)
|First Rank||Corporal||Last Rank||Lance Corporal|
|Date||27 December 1889||Place of Birth||Bristol, Gloucestershire, England|
|Date||15 March 1915||Age||25 years|
|Address at Enlistment||Gleniti, Timaru, New Zealand|
|Previous Military Experience||R. F. A. (Territorial) - 4 years. Time expired and left district.|
|Next of Kin||Mr Kossuth ROBINSON (father), 47 Downleaze, Bristol, England|
|Medical Information||Height 5 feet 7 inches. Weight 134 lbs. Chest measurement 31-35 inches.|
|Served with||NZ Armed Forces||Served in||Army|
|Body on Embarkation||6th Reinforcements|
|Unit, Squadron, or Ship||Canterbury Mounted Rifles|
|Date||14 August 1915|
|Embarked From||Wellington||Destination||Suez, Egypt|
|Other Units Served With|
|Last Unit Served With||Canterbury Mounted Rifles|
|Service Medals||1914-15 Star; British War Medal; Victory Medal|
Award Circumstances and Date
Prisoner of War Information
|Date of Capture|
|Where Captured and by Whom|
|Actions Prior to Capture|
|PoW Serial Number|
Hospitals, Wounds, Diseases and Illnesses
24 November 1915 - pneumonia - dangerously ill; conveyed by Hospital Ship Galatea to Malta. 8 December 1915 - enteric, which caused his death in Imtarfa (Cottonera) Hospital in Malta.
|Date||8 December 1915||Age||26 years|
|Place of Death||Imtarfa Hospital, Malta, ex Gallipoli|
|Cause||Died of disease - pneumonia & enteric|
|Memorial or Cemetery||Pieta Military Cemetery, Malta|
|Memorial Reference||D. XI. 1.|
|New Zealand Memorials||Timaru War Memorial Wall; ANZAC Memorial, Argotti Botanical Gardens, Floriana, Malta|
Clifford Kossuth ROBINSON was the second of the five sons of Kossuth and Mary Selina (née WATHEN) ROBINSON, of 47 Downleaze, Stoke Bishop, Bristol, England. He was educated at Clifton College and, on leaving in 1907, became a chartered accountant. Clifford was at home with family in 1891 and 1901 at Westbury, Gloucestershire. In 1911, Clifford Kossuth ROBINSON, an articled clerk to an accountant, was again at home in Bristol, England, with his family, including his brothers Edward Colston and Geoffrey Wathen ROBINSON. By 8 December 1915, these three brothers had all been lost in their service in the First World War. His older brother, Arnold Wathen ROBINSON, a noted stained-glass artist, also served in the Artists Rifles; he was released to continue war work.
In 1915, however, Clifford was farming in New Zealand and, when he enlisted for war service with the Canterbury Mounted Rifles, he was at Gleniti, where his uncle lived. His employer was J. Bolton, of “Broomfields” Woodville, with whom he was residing in 1914. He was a Baptist, in which church his father, a man of delicate health, served and took a keen interest. Clifford enlisted on 15 March and was promoted from Trooper to Corporal in April 1915. He embarked from Wellington on 14 August 1915 by the “Tofua”, with the 6th Reinforcements who reached Suez on 19 September 1915. He arrived at Anzac on 13 November 1915 and was posted to the 8th Mounted Rifles. But his time at Gallipoli was brief. Eleven days later he disembarked at Malta from the Hospital Ship “Galatea” and was admitted to Cottonera Hospital. On 26 November he was transferred to Imtarfa Hospital in Malta, dangerously ill with pneumonia. He died of enteric there on 8 December 1915, less than four months after he had left New Zealand’s shores. He was interred with an Australian and an Englishman in a communal grave in the Pieta Cemetery, a peaceful place on the Island of Malta where he had been sent initially to convalesce. A communication to his father, dated 4 April  provided the information that Clifford was interred in the Pieta Cemetery, Malta. The total value of Clifford’s estate in New Zealand was £5.1.- of pay accrued to death. Administration of his estate in England was granted to his father, there being effects to the value of £163.15s.
Clifford was a cousin of Claude Gladstone and Frank McLaren ROBINSON of Gleniti, both of whom served in World War I, Claude being killed in action in 1915 at the Somme. Clifford's medals – a 1914-15 Star, British War Medal and Victory Medal - were sent to his father at Downlease, Bristol, as were the plaque and scroll. Brothers Edward Colston ROBINSON and Geoffrey Wathen ROBINSON also fell in World War I - both killed in France, Edward aged 21 on 26 September 1915 and Geoffrey aged 20 on 25 September 1915. The Anzac Memorial, inaugurated on 25 May 2013 in the Argotti Gardens, Floriana, is inscribed with the names of the Australian and New Zealand men who lost their lives. Each year on 25 April, a remembrance service is held in Pieta Military Cemetery, Malta, to recognize the part played by men from Australia and New Zealand in the ill-fated Gallipoli Campaign, during the First World War. To mark the 100th anniversary in 2015, the remembrance service was co-hosted by the Australian High Commissioner and the New Zealand Honorary Consul.
Cenotaph Database [1 December 2013]; NZ Defence Force Personnel Records (Archives NZ ref. AABK 18805 W5550 0098938 [17 April 2014]; CWGC (Certificate) [1 December 2013]; Photographic display of Mounted Rifles headstones on the Island of Malta (Newsletter of the New Zealand Mounted Rifles - www.nzmr.org/archive) [1 December 2013]; ANZACS IN MALTA (Malta Family History - website.lineone.net/~remosliema/anzacs_in_malta) [02 February 2014]; England & Wales National Probate Calendar Index (ancestry.com.au) [2 February 2014]; England census records 1891, 1901, 1911 (ancestry.com.au) [02 February 2014, 24 May 2015]; Family Trees (ancestry.com.au) [15 February 2014; 24 May 2015]; Evening Post, 2 & 11 December 1915, Dominion, 3 & 13 December 1915,Timaru Herald, 13 December 1915, (? 21 March 1916), Otago Daily Times, 3 February 1916 (Papers Past) [04 February 2014; 23 May 2015]; UK newspaper extracts 1915, 1928 (source unknown) [15 February 2014, 24 May 2015]; Probate record (Archives NZ/FamilySearch) [09 May 2015]; England & Wales Probate Calendar Index (ancestry.com.au) [02 February 2014]; ANZAC Memorial, Malta (www.mccv.org.au) [24 May 2015]
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