ANNALS, Frederick James
(Service number 25/481)

Aliases Fred
First Rank Rifleman Last Rank Rifleman


Date 23 September 1890 Place of Birth Belfield, near Orari

Enlistment Information

Date 12 October 1915 Age 24 yrs
Address at Enlistment J. Taylor [employer], Bombay, (New Zealand)
Occupation Labourer
Previous Military Experience Hastings Territorials (still serving)
Marital Status Single
Next of Kin J. ANNALS (father), Waiapi, Temuka
Religion Church of England; Methodist
Medical Information Height - 5 ft 7 in. Weight - 146 lb. Chest - 34 to 36 1/2 inches. Brown eyes. Black hair. Sight normal. Hearing good. Colour vision normal. Limbs well formed. Chest well formed. Heart normal. Lungs normal. Free of hernia, variocele, varicose veins, haemorrhoids, inveterate or contagious disease. Vaccinated. In good physical & mental health; no defects to interfere with performance.

Military Service

Served with NZ Armed Forces Served in Army
Military District

Embarkation Information

Body on Embarkation New Zealand Rifle Brigade
Unit, Squadron, or Ship 3rd Battalion, A Company
Date 5 February 1916
Transport Ulimaroa
Embarked From Wellington Destination Suez, Egypt (12 Mar 1916)
Other Units Served With
Last Unit Served With New Zealand Rifle Brigade, 3rd Battalion

Military Awards

Campaigns Somme
Service Medals British War Medal; Victory Medal
Military Awards

Award Circumstances and Date

No information

Prisoner of War Information

Date of Capture
Where Captured and by Whom
Actions Prior to Capture
PoW Serial Number
PoW Camps
Days Interned
Liberation Date


Date Reason

Hospitals, Wounds, Diseases and Illnesses

Hospitalized on 14 July 1916, before rejoining his Unit on 29 July. Reported wounded 15 Sep 1916, but subsequently reported missing and then determined killed.

Post-war Occupations


Date 15 September 1916 Age 25 yrs 11 mths
Place of Death Somme, France
Cause Killed in action in the Field
Memorial or Cemetery Caterpillar Valley (New Zealand) Memorial, Caterpillar Cemetery, Longueval, Somme, France
Memorial Reference
New Zealand Memorials On Memorial wall, Timaru; Lower Waitohi War Memorial, South Canterbury; Temuka War Memorial; Geraldine War Memorial

Biographical Notes

Youngest son of James and Sarah Jane (nee EVANS) ANNALS, of Waiapi, Temuka, Timaru. His brother Henry served as William Henry ANDREWS 8/3467 and was also killed in action in the same battle and on the same date, 15 Sep 1916. His brothers Walter and George also both served in WWI, and his brother-in-law, Robert GUILFORD, (husband of Ethel Kazia ANNALS). As a child he attended first Belfield School, which was probably close to his home, then in 1899 he went to Temuka Primary School, followed by time at Temuka District High School. Fred attested at Trentham on 13th Oct 1915. He was a labourer at Waiapi, Temuka, and was a Rifleman in the theatre of war. He was reported missing, then it was determined, by Court of Enquiry on 9 March 1917, that he was killed in action 15 Sep 1916, at the Somme, France, aged 25. The Court of Enquiry heard that an English artilleryman had handed over on 28 or 29 Sep 1916 a paybook which he said he had taken from beside a dead body some days previously. The paybook was that of Rfm Annals. He did not say where he had found the body. Fred's medals were despatched to his father at Waiapi near Temuka. In 1949 as a result of a letter from Mr W. H. Gomez, of Te Kowhai R. D., Frankton, the bronze memorial plaque bearing the name Frederick James Annals, was

forwarded to Mr James Annals, his father, at Waiapi, Temuka, who was noted as his next of kin and living at this address in 1921. In his letter dated 29th

June 1949, Mr Gomez advised Base Records in Wellington, that while digging his garden, he had unearthed the plaque. He gives a very detailed description of the plaque. One must wonder at how the plaque came to be buried in a garden in Frankton. But how touching of Mr Gomez to want to have it returned to the family. Like so many others of the time who probably didn’t contemplate such an early death, Fred did not leave a will. At enlistment Fred recorded the Church of England as his religion but he had been a member of the Temuka Methodist Church.


Cenotaph Database [03 August 2013]; N Z Defence Force Personnel Records (Archives NZ Ref. AABK 18805 W5520 0008895) [08 September 2013]; CWGC [03 August 2013]; NZ BDM Indexes (DIA) [08 September 2013]; "Temuka through the ages"; School admission records (South Canterbury Branch NZSG transcriptions) [2013]; Newspapers (Papers Past) [August 2013]; "Robert and Ethel Kezia Guilford" on 150th Anniversary William and Mary Benbow at [August 2013]; SCRoll web submission by R Powell, 22 April 2016

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